#声调# 【英语授课】

2017-5-12阅读(5,273)

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汉语中的四个基本声调

Four basic tones in Chinese


跟着老师,朗读例子

Following the teacher and read aloud the example


▲ 注意

Notes


不同的声调代表不同的汉字及不同的意思。

Different tones present different Chinese characters and meanings.


bā  八(eight)

bá  拔(pull)

bǎ  靶(target)

bà  爸(dad)


mā  妈(mum)

má  麻(hemp)

mǎ  马(horse)

mà  骂(scold)


yī   一(one)

yí   移(to move)

yǐ   椅(chair)

yì   亿(one hundred million)


书写规则

Rules of writing


音标应该放在元音上。如果一个音节中有两个或两个以上的元音,那么音标就放在主元音上即发音元音上(嘴巴通常会张更大的元音)。当/i/带一个音标时,/i/头顶的两点就可省略。

Tone-mark should be placed on vowels. If there are two or more than two vowels in a syllable, the tone-mark is placed on the main vowel which requires a bigger opening of the mouth. When the vowel /i/ carries a tone-mark, the dots are removed.



jī    鸡 (chicken)

hǎo  好  (good)


音标的变动规则

Modulation of tones


当两个三声音调连续出现时,第一个三声调的读音应该读为二声调,但书写不变。

When a 3rd tone is immediately followed by another 3rd tone, the former is pronounced as the 2nd tone, but the writing script should remain unchanged as the third tone mark.


nǐ hǎo 你好 (hello)

wǔ bǎi 五百 (five hundred)

yǔ fǎ  语法 (grammar)

kě yǐ  可以 (ok)


轻声

Neutral tones



中文中有些字是没有音调的,即读音很轻也很短。这些音节叫做轻声,其书写中没有音标。

Some syllables in Chinese are toneless and are pronounced light and short. These syllables are called neutralized tones or neutral tones, which in writing script do not carry tone marks.



ér zi     儿子 (son)

tā de    他的 (his)

wǒ men  我们 (we)

yé ye    爷爷 (grandpa)

nǐ hǎo ma你好吗? (Are you ok?)

wǒlèi le  我累了。 (I am tired.)






四面楚歌


《史记•项羽本纪》:“项王军壁垓下,兵少食尽,汉军及诸侯兵围之数重。夜闻汉军四面皆楚歌,项王乃大惊,曰:‘汉皆已得楚乎?是何楚人之多也。’”

It literally means “Chu song from four sides, which was derived from the Battle of Gaixia. The Han army started to sing folk songs from Xiang Yu’s native land of Chu to create a false impression that they had captured the majority of Chu people. This idiom is used to describe someone in a desperate situation without help.


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内容制作:赵坤、虎津孜

英文翻译:虎津孜、高倩